The 21st century is the age of the internet, data, and digitalization where 8 out of 10 people use search engines like Google to get information about the various topics they are interested in. Have you observed the end of the URL of any website you visit when you browse for your search query?
Every website is suffixed with .com, .in, .org, .co.in, .net, .gov, etc. extensions. But what these extensions are, why they are needed, and what is the difference between them are the questions that arise in our minds out of curiosity. The two most popular website domain extensions are .com and .in, so in this blog post, we are going to explore what is .com and .in, and difference between .in and .com (.com vs .in).
So, let’s begin with a short glimpse of .com and .in domain extensions.
What is .com and .in?
Whenever you visit any website to find answers, to search for something, or to get information about something, have you ever paid attention to the last three acronyms placed after a dot suffixed to the name of the website? What these three letters are? They are known as domain extensions.
The domain name of the website appears in between the protocol sign (HTTPS://) and the first slash in a URL or web address.
Here are few examples:
1. https://www.google.com/ – Here www.google.com is the domain name suffix with .com extension
2. https://www.xyz.in/ – Here www.XYZ.in is the domain name suffix with .in extension
Initially, computer scientists were using a unique 32-bit or 128-bit string of digits to identify IP addresses and websites but with the growth in the number of websites, it became difficult for them to communicate such a long string. Thus domain name system came into existence that allowed the owner of the website to register a unique name that acted as a synonym for an IP address and represent the nature of that particular website.
It is the most famous domain extension that represents a particular website is a commercial website. When the domain system came into use, it is the only available domain extension for all website owners. So everyone was using it which again become difficult to differentiate the actual nature of the website and identify them geographically. This led to the invention of other domain extensions like .in, .org., .net, etc.
This domain represents it is an Indian website. So when any website is suffixed with .co.in, it represents, it’s a commercial Indian website. Such a type of domain extension is used to differentiate similar websites coming from different countries.
www.google.com – is a global domain of Google
www.google.co.in – is a domain for Google’s Indian site.
Both the websites represent the same functionalities with different domain extensions.
Before we jump to .com and .in difference, here are some other domain extensions and their nature:
- .edu – Represents educational website
- .net – Represents general-purpose website
- .gov – Represents government website
- .mil – Represents military website
- .org – Represents non-profit website
- co.uk – Represents commercial UK-based website
So, now you are cleared about various extensions. So, let’s move to .in and .com difference section to understand when to use .in or .com.
What is the difference between com and in? (com vs in)
There are over 1.95 billion websites as of May 2022 which shows how it is competitive to recognize your website in such a huge number. So let’s understand the difference between com and in so that you should know when to use them.
• Global and Local Identity:
.com extension is widely used at the global level to give your website a universal appeal. As per the reports, it is observed that almost every second website has a .com extension which shows how brands or people are fond of using it.
In the case of .in extension, it is widely used at the national level. Many local brands and businesses use it to let visitors or buyers identify it as an Indian brand.
So, in short, .com gives your brand a global identity whereas .in gives your brand a local identity.
One of the main differences between in and com is the way people find the domain extensions reliable. Many internet users are not aware of the new domain extensions and they believe traditional extensions like .com are more credible. Have you ever noticed that, when you search anything on Google, .com always appears above .in? Why? Users believe .com extension as more credible compared to .in extension even if .in is as credible as .com.
So if you are more concerned about visitors’ credibility, you can use the .com extension.
• WHOIS Privacy Support:
When we discuss in vs com, this point of difference is crucial. WHOIS is a global directory that shows owner details of a respective domain name. When you use the .in extension, you are not offered with WHOIS privacy option which means any person in the world can see who is the registered owner of a .in website and can access the email details and phone number of the registered user. In the case of .com extension, the registered owner is given full privacy protection that hides the entire owner’s information like name, email, mobile, etc. This privacy feature protects your website from hacking attacks.
So, if privacy is your concern, the .com extension will be the best suit for your website.
• Geographical Restrictions:
If we discuss com and in difference, geographical restrictions play a major role. If your target audience resides in India then .in extension is the best choice for your website.IN extension is considered as CCTLD which means country code top-level domain. On the other hand, .com is considered a gTLD that stands for generic top-level domain. If you wish to reach your website to a global audience, .COM extension will be a perfect selection. There are no geographical restrictions to registering domain extension which means any person in the world can register both, the .in and .com extension from any part of the world.
• SEO Score:
If you are searching what is the difference between .com and .in, this point must be included in the list. .com is the most used and most valued domain and hence Google is a little biased towards it when it comes to SEO optimization. .com websites seemed to gain more scores as compared to other domain extensions. .com extension is a good choice if you wish to get the best results in the SEO campaign. .in extension can also give you good reach but for that, you need to put more effort.
One also needs to discuss pricing factors while exploring in and com differences.COM extensions are available at a premium price as they are most in-demand and face too much competition across the globe. In case of.IN extension, it is available at the lowest rates compared to the .com extension. So if you are tight on budget and wish to target only an Indian audience, IN extension can help you save more money.
• People’s Choice:
Big brands or large enterprises mostly prefer .com extension as they target a global audience whereas small businesses or entrepreneurs prefer .in extension as they are interested in regional audiences.
A domain extension not only gives identity to your website but it comes with other plenty of features that enhance the presence of your website over the internet. In the above discussion, we have focused on what is the difference between .com and .in to make it clear for businesses or individuals to make their choice. The main difference between.com and .in is the target audience.
If you prefer targeting a local audience, are tight on budget, and are fine with the absence of WHOIS privacy support then.IN extension would be the best choice for you. But if you wish to target global reach, score better in SEO, gain more credibility for your website, and are ready to buy a premium domain, you must go with it.COM extension.